Statistics and Demographics
- Nashville was settled on Christmas Day in 1779, and Tennessee became a state in 1796.
- Nashville became the Tennessee state capital from 1812-1815 and then permanently in 1843.
- Elevation: 550 feet (168 meters) at the lowest point; 1,100 feet (336 meters) at the highest point of the rim around the Nashville basin
- Time: Central Standard (CST) early November – mid-March; Central Daylight (CDT): mid-March – November.
- Nashville has the second largest land mass in the nation, totaling 533 square miles.
- Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) is comprised of 14 counties: Cannon, Cheatham, Davidson, Dickson, Hickman, Macon, Maury, Robertson, Rutherford, Smith, Sumner, Trousdale, Williamson, and Wilson.
- Nashville/Davidson County has a metropolitan government based on a 1963 plan that has become a national model. The county is largely urbanized with extensive residential areas, and population growth continues to increase due to transportation advantages, labor supply, and development opportunities.
- 2017 Nashville Population: 691,243; MSA: 1,903,045
- Downtown Nashville Residential Population Growth (based on new units added downtown):
2006 Residents: 2,280
2007 Residents: 3,219
2008 Residents: 4,142
2009 Residents: 4,986
2010 Residents: 5,155
2011 Residents: 5,754
2012 Residents: 6,320
2013 Residents: 7,286
2014 Residents: 7,840
2015 Residents: 8,313
2016 Residents: 9,619
2017 Residents: 10,240
- 2016 Nashville Median Household Income: $60,030
- 2016 Nashville MSA Unemployment Rate: 3.8%
Major industries in Nashville include: Health Care Management, Automobile Production, Finance, Higher Education, Insurance, Music Production, Printing & Publishing, Technology Manufacturing, and Tourism.
- Education & Health Services = 24.1%
- Trade, Transportation & Utilities = 17.5%
- Professional & Business Services = 13.0%
- Leisure & Hospitality = 12.1%
- Government = 9.5%
- Manufacturing = 7.3%
- Financial Activities 7.2%
- Construction 6.0%
- Information 3.1%
Source: US Census Bureau, 2012-2016 American Community Survey
Major companies and facilities headquartered in Nashville:
- AIM Healthcare Services Inc. (HQ)
- American General Life & Accident Insurance/AIG (HG)
- AmSurg (HQ)
- Asurion (HQ)
- Back Yard Burgers (HQ)
- Big Idea Inc. (HQ)
- Broadcast Music Inc.- BMI (HQ)
- Bridgestone/Firestone Americas (HQ)
- Capitol Records
- Caremark (HQ)
- Caterpillar Financial (HQ)
- CBRL Group Inc. (Cracker Barrel Old Country Stores and Logan’s Roadhouse) (HQ)
- Central Parking Corp. (HQ)
- Century II Staffing, Inc. (HQ)
- Cigna Government Services
- CLARCOR (HQ)
- ClientLogic Corp. (HQ)
- CNA Insurance (Life & Long-term Care HQ)
- Cokesbury (HQ)
- Community Health Systems Inc. (HQ)
- Corrections Corporation of America (HQ)
- Country Music Association (HQ)
- Country Music Television (HQ)
- Cumberland Swan Holdings Inc. (HQ)
- Cumberland Pharmaceuticals (HQ)
- Doane Pet Care Co. (HQ)
- Dell Computer Corporation
- Dollar General Corp. (HQ)
- DSI Renal (HQ)
- Firestone Tire and Rubber Company (HQ)
- Genesco Inc. (HQ)
- Gibson Guitar Corp./Baldwin Pianos (HQ)
- Gideons International (HQ)
- Great American Country
- Griffin Technology (HQ)
- HCA (HQ)
- Healthways (HQ)
- Ingram Industries Inc. (HQ)
- Jackson National Life (HQ)
- Jonas Brothers Construction Co. (HQ)
- Keystone Education & Youth Services (HQ)
- Lifeway Christian Resources (HQ)
- Louisiana Pacific (HQ)
- Mars Petcare (HQ)
- Nashville Wire Products Manufacturing Co. Inc. (HQ)
- National Federation of Independent Businesses (HQ)
- National Healthcare Corp. (HQ)
- Nissan Motor Manufacturing USA (HQ)
- O’Charley’s Inc. (HS)
- Ozburn-Hessey Logistics (HQ)
- Quanta Computer
- Pinnacle Financial (HQ)
- Primus Automotive Financial Services (HQ)
- Purity Diaries (HQ)
- Randall House Publications (HQ)
- Renal Care Group (HQ)
- Ryman Hospitality Properties (HQ)
- Saint Thomas Health (HQ)
- Services Corporation Central Parking (HQ)
- Shoney’s Inc. (HQ)
- Star Transportation Inc. (HQ)
- State Farm Insurance
- Tennsco Corp. (HQ)
- Thomas Nelson Inc. (HQ)
- Tractor Supply Co. (HQ)
- TRG Customer Solutions
- United Methodist Publishing House (HQ)
- Universal Music (HQ)
- Vanguard Health Systems (HQ)
- Verizon Wireless
- Willis North America (HQ)
Cost of Living
Nashville consistently ranks among the lowest for cost-of-living in comparable cities across the nation, ranking more cost-efficient than Atlanta, Austin, Jacksonville, and Cleveland. The overall cost of living is 4.5% less than the national average. All components (groceries, housing, utilities, etc.) of cost-of-living are typically below the national average.
- Air — The Nashville International Airport serves 15 airlines and offers 460 daily arriving and departing flights, including nonstop air service to more than 70 destinations. The following is a list of the airlines with gates at the Nashville Airport: Air Canada, Alaska Airlines, Allegiant, American Airlines, Boutique Air, British Airways, Contour Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Frontier Airlines, JetBlue, Southwest Airlines, Sun Country Airlines, United Airlines, WestJet, and Vacation Express.
- Road — Nashville is intersected by three major interstate highways: I-40, I-24, and I-65. I-440 is an inner beltway circling the city, and I-840 is a Southern outer beltway between I-40E and I-24E and between 1-24E and I-65S.
- Rail — The Music City Star Rail opened its East Corridor route in late 2005. With service Monday through Friday, three daily morning and afternoon trains connect Donelson, Hermitage, Mt. Juliet, and Lebanon to downtown Nashville. The East Corridor route covers 32 miles and service between stops peaks at 60 miles per hour.
- 68,320 jobs are directly related to the hospitality industry.
- Nashville hosted 15.2 million visitors in 2018. Up from 14.5 million the year before, which is an increase of nearly 5%.
- Nashville has 31,500 hotel rooms in the city and 45,410 in Nashville MSA.
- Gaylord Opryland® Resort & Convention Center is the largest non-gaming hotel property in the United States with 2,888 rooms and more than 700,000 square feet of meeting space, including 263,772 of contiguous exhibit space.
- The Music City Center, Nashville’s new downtown convention facility, opened in May 2013. The 1.2 million-square-foot Music City Center features more than 375,000 square feet of exhibit space, 128,000 square feet of meeting space, two ballrooms, a business center, and a 2,500-seat theater.
Nashville typically enjoys a mild and pleasant climate with only a few days of the year having either very hot or very cold conditions. Most of the city’s rain is confined to the spring months, but a shower throughout the year is not unusual.
Spring is a delightful time in Middle Tennessee as the rolling hills are a lush, vibrant green. Because of the mild climate found here, many plants are well suited for the area including tulips, azaleas, irises, magnolias, and dogwoods. Days are warm while evenings can be chilly.
Summer is ablaze with many concert festivals in Music City. Several nights during the week have live outdoor concerts scattered around town. Midday can be very warm as the humidity tends to be higher in the summer months. Light clothing and sunscreen is recommended for the full season.
Fall is a celebrated time throughout Tennessee. Visitors come from all over to see the annual changing of the leaves in mid-October. Days are warm and pleasant. Evenings require a sweater or light jacket. Since the weather is changeable, layered clothing is a good idea to accommodate sunny days and cooler nights.
Winter is a great time to visit the city’s many attractions decked out in their holiday finery as Nashville truly shines throughout the winter with millions of twinkling lights. Although the climate is mild, winter temperatures do range from cool to cold. If a snowfall occurs, it is usually in January or February and is seldom heavy.
|Temperature & Precipitation|
|average:||Daily High||Daily Low||Precipitation|
|JAN||47 F/8 C||29 F/-2 C||3.7 in/9.4 cm|
|FEB||52 F/11 C||32 F/0 C||3.9 in/9.9 cm|
|MAR||61 F/16 C||39 F/4 C||4.2 in/10.7 cm|
|APR||71 F/22 C||48 F/9 C||4.3 in/10.9 cm|
|MAY||79 F/26 C||57 F/14 C||5.2 in/13.2 cm|
|JUN||87 F/31 C||66 F/19 C||4.1 in/10.4 cm|
|JUL||90 F/32 C||70 F/21 C||3.9 in/9.9 cm|
|AUG||89 F/32 C||69 F/21 C||3.1 in/7.9 cm|
|SEP||83 F/28 C||61 F/16 C||3.4 in/8.6 cm|
|OCT||72 F/22 C||49 F/9 C||3.1 in/7.9 cm|
|NOV||61 F/16 C||40 F/4 C||4.2 in/10.7 cm|
|DEC||51 F/11 C||32 F/0 C||4.3 in/10.9 cm|