Statistics & Facts

Statistics, facts, and figures for the city of Nashville.

  • Elevation: 550 feet (168 meters) at the lowest point; 1,100 feet (336 meters) at the highest point of the rim around the Nashville basin
  • Time: Central Standard (CST) early November – mid-March; Central Daylight (CDT): mid-March – November.
  • Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) is comprised of 14 counties: Cannon, Cheatham, Davidson, Dickson, Hickman, Macon, Maury, Robertson, Rutherford, Smith, Sumner, Trousdale, Williamson, and Wilson.
  • Nashville/Davidson County has a metropolitan government based on a 1963 plan that has become a national model. The county is largely urbanized with extensive residential areas, and population growth continues to increase due to transportation advantages, labor supply, and development opportunities.
  • 2018 Nashville Population: 692,587; MSA: 1,903,961
  • Downtown Nashville Residential Population Growth (based on new units added downtown):
    2006 Residents: 2,280
    2007 Residents: 3,219
    2008 Residents: 4,142
    2009 Residents: 4,986
    2010 Residents: 5,155
    2011 Residents: 5,754
    2012 Residents: 6,320
    2013 Residents: 7,286
    2014 Residents: 7,840
    2015 Residents: 8,313
    2016 Residents: 9,619
    2017 Residents: 10,240
    2018 Residents: 12,200
    2019 Residents (forecast): 13,000
  • 2017 Nashville Median Household Income: $63,939
  • Nashville MSA Unemployment Rate (as of June 2019): 2.6%
Business Climate

Major industries in Nashville include Health Care Management, Automobile Production, Finance, Higher Education, Insurance, Music Production, Printing & Publishing, Technology Manufacturing, and Tourism.

Industry breakdown:

  • Education & Health Services = 24.0%
  • Trade, Transportation & Utilities = 17.9%
  • Professional & Business Services = 13.0%
  • Leisure & Hospitality = 12.2%
  • Government = 4.1%
  • Manufacturing = 7.2%
  • Financial Activities 7.1%
  • Construction 6.1%
  • Information 3.1%

Source: US Census Bureau, 2013-2017 American Community Survey

Headquartered Companies

Major companies and facilities headquartered in Nashville:

  • AIM Healthcare Services Inc. 
  • American General Life & Accident Insurance/AIG 
  • AmSurg
  • Asurion
  • AT&T
  • Back Yard Burgers 
  • BellSouth
  • Big Idea Inc.
  • Broadcast Music Inc.- BMI 
  • Bridgestone/Firestone Americas
  • Capitol Records
  • Caremark
  • Caterpillar Financial
  • CBRL Group Inc. (Cracker Barrel Old Country Stores and Logan’s Roadhouse)
  • Central Parking Corp.
  • Century II Staffing, Inc. 
  • Cigna Government Services
  • ClientLogic Corp.
  • CNA Insurance (Life & Long-term Care)
  • Cokesbury
  • Community Health Systems Inc.
  • Corrections Corporation of America
  • Country Music Association
  • Country Music Television
  • Cumberland Swan Holdings Inc. 
  • Cumberland Pharmaceuticals 
  • Doane Pet Care Co. 
  • Dell Computer Corporation
  • Dollar General Corp. 
  • DSI Renal 
  • Emdeon
  • Firestone Tire and Rubber Company 
  • Genesco Inc. 
  • Gibson Guitar Corp./Baldwin Pianos 
  • Gideons International 
  • Great American Country
  • Griffin Technology 
  • HCA 
  • Healthways 
  • Ingram Industries Inc. 
  • Jackson National Life 
  • Jonas Brothers Construction Co. 
  • Keystone Education & Youth Services 
  • Lifeway Christian Resources 
  • Louisiana Pacific
  • Mars Petcare 
  • Nashville Wire Products Manufacturing Co. Inc. 
  • National Federation of Independent Businesses 
  • National Healthcare Corp. 
  • Nissan Motor Manufacturing USA 
  • O’Charley’s Inc. (HS)
  • Ozburn-Hessey Logistics 
  • Quanta Computer
  • Pinnacle Financial (HQ)
  • Primus Automotive Financial Services 
  • Purity Diaries 
  • Randall House Publications 
  • Renal Care Group
  • Ryman Hospitality Properties 
  • Saint Thomas Health 
  • Services Corporation Central Parking 
  • ServiceSource
  • Shoney’s Inc. 
  • Star Transportation Inc. 
  • State Farm Insurance
  • Tennsco Corp. 
  • Thomas Nelson Inc. 
  • Tractor Supply Co. 
  • TRG Customer Solutions
  • United Methodist Publishing House 
  • Universal Music 
  • Vanguard Health Systems 
  • Verizon Wireless
  • Willis North America
Cost of Living

Nashville consistently ranks among the lowest for cost of living in comparable cities across the nation, ranking more cost-efficient than Atlanta, Austin, Jacksonville, and Cleveland. The overall cost of living is 3.3% less than the national average. All components (groceries, housing, utilities, etc.) of cost-of-living are typically below the national average.


The Nashville International Airport serves 14 airlines and offers more than 540 daily arriving and departing flights, including nonstop air service to 75 destinations. The following is a list of the airlines with gates at the Nashville Airport:


Nashville is intersected by three major interstate highways: I-40, I-24, and I-65. I-440 is an inner beltway circling the city, and I-840 is a Southern outer beltway between I-40E and I-24E and between 1-24E and I-65S.


The Music City Star Rail opened its East Corridor route in late 2005. With service Monday through Friday, three daily morning and afternoon trains connect Donelson, Hermitage, Mt. Juliet, and Lebanon to downtown Nashville. The East Corridor route covers 32 miles and service between stops peaks at 60 miles per hour.

Hospitality Industry
  • 71,000+ jobs are directly related to the hospitality industry.
  • Nashville hosted 16.1 million visitors in FY 2019-20. Up 6% over the previous FY.
  • Nashville has 35,950 hotel rooms in Davidson County and 51,300 rooms in the Nashville MSA.
  • Gaylord Opryland® Resort & Convention Center is the largest non-gaming hotel property in the United States with 2,888 rooms and more than 700,000 square feet of meeting space, including 263,772 of contiguous exhibit space.
  • The Music City Center, Nashville’s downtown convention facility, opened in May 2013. The 2.1 million-square-foot Music City Center features more than 375,000 square feet of exhibit space, 128,000 square feet of meeting space, two ballrooms, a business center, and a 2,500-seat theater.
Average Weather/Climate

Nashville typically enjoys a mild and pleasant climate with only a few days of the year having either very hot or very cold conditions. Most of the city’s rain is confined to the spring months, but a shower throughout the year is not unusual.

Spring is a delightful time in Middle Tennessee as the rolling hills are a lush, vibrant green. Because of the mild climate found here, many plants are well suited for the area including tulips, azaleas, irises, magnolias, and dogwoods. Days are warm while evenings can be chilly.

Summer is ablaze with many concert festivals in Music City. Several nights during the week have live outdoor concerts scattered around town. Midday can be very warm as the humidity tends to be higher in the summer months. Light clothing and sunscreen is recommended for the full season.

Fall is a celebrated time throughout Tennessee. Visitors come from all over to see the annual changing of the leaves in mid-October. Days are warm and pleasant. Evenings require a sweater or light jacket. Since the weather is changeable, layered clothing is a good idea to accommodate sunny days and cooler nights.

Winter is a great time to visit the city’s many attractions decked out in their holiday finery as Nashville truly shines throughout the winter with millions of twinkling lights. Although the climate is mild, winter temperatures do range from cool to cold. If a snowfall occurs, it is usually in January or February and is seldom heavy.

Temperature & Precipitation
Avg: Daily High Daily Low Precipitation
Jan 47 F/8 C 29 F/-2 C 3.7 in/9.4 cm
Feb 52 F/11 C 32 F/0 C 3.9 in/9.9 cm
Mar 61 F/16 C 39 F/4 C 4.2 in/10.7 cm
Apr 71 F/22 C 48 F/9 C 4.3 in/10.9 cm
May 79 F/26 C 57 F/14 C 5.2 in/13.2 cm
Jun 87 F/31 C 66 F/19 C 4.1 in/10.4 cm
Jul 90 F/32 C 70 F/21 C 3.9 in/9.9 cm
Aug 89 F/32 C 69 F/21 C 3.1 in/7.9 cm
Sep 83 F/28 C 61 F/16 C 3.4 in/8.6 cm
Oct 72 F/22 C 49 F/9 C 3.1 in/7.9 cm
Nov 61 F/16 C 40 F/4 C 4.2 in/10.7 cm
Dec 51 F/11 C 32 F/0 C 4.3 in/10.9 cm