Statistics & Facts

Statistics, facts, and figures for the city of Nashville.

  • Elevation: 550 feet (168 meters) at the lowest point; 1,100 feet (336 meters) at the highest point of the rim around the Nashville basin
  • Time: Central Standard (CST) early November – mid-March; Central Daylight (CDT): mid-March – November.
  • Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) is comprised of 14 counties: Cannon, Cheatham, Davidson, Dickson, Hickman, Macon, Maury, Robertson, Rutherford, Smith, Sumner, Trousdale, Williamson, and Wilson.
  • Nashville/Davidson County has a metropolitan government based on a 1963 plan that has become a national model. The county is largely urbanized with extensive residential areas, and population growth continues to increase due to transportation advantages, labor supply, and development opportunities.
  • 2019 Nashville Population: 694,144; MSA: 1,933,860
  • Downtown Nashville Residential Population Growth (based on new units added downtown):
    2006 Residents: 2,280
    2007 Residents: 3,219
    2008 Residents: 4,142
    2009 Residents: 4,986
    2010 Residents: 5,155
    2011 Residents: 5,754
    2012 Residents: 6,320
    2013 Residents: 7,286
    2014 Residents: 7,840
    2015 Residents: 8,313
    2016 Residents: 9,619
    2017 Residents: 10,240
    2018 Residents: 12,200
    2019 Residents: 13,000
  • 2020 Residents: 14,000
  • 2019 Nashville MSA Median Household Income: $70,262
  • Nashville MSA Unemployment Rate (as of April 2021): 4.1%
Business Climate

Major industries in Nashville include Health Care Management, Automobile Production, Finance, Higher Education, Insurance, Music Production, Printing & Publishing, Technology Manufacturing, and Tourism.

Industry breakdown:

Educational services, and health care and social assistance 22.4%
Professional, scientific, and management, and administrative and waste management services 11.8%
Retail trade 11.3%
Arts, entertainment, and recreation, and accommodation and food services 10.6%
Manufacturing 10.1%
Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing 7.0%
Construction 6.8%
Transportation and warehousing, and utilities 5.4%
Other services, except public administration 5.0%
Public administration 3.9%
Wholesale trade 2.9%
Information 2.3%
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining 0/5%

Source: US Census Bureau, 2019 5 Year Estimate American Community Survey

Headquartered Companies

Leading Headquarters and Corporate Service Companies:

Company Local Employees
Vanderbilt University Medical Center and Monroe, Carrell Jr. Children’s Hospital at Vanderbilt 24,039
Nissan North America 12,000
HCA Healthcare Inc. 10,600
Vanderbilt University 10,331
Saint Thomas Health 8,335
Randstad 4,550
Asurion 4,170
Community Health Systems Inc. 3,878 3,692
Lowe’s Cos. Inc. 3,614
The Kroger Co. 3,520
Electrolux Home Products North America 3,400
Cracker Barrel Old Country Store Inc. 3,389
Bridgestone Americas Inc. 3,335
National Healthcare Corp. 3,028
Shoney’s Inc. 3,000
Walgreens 2,716

Source: 2019 Book of Lists


The Nashville International Airport serves 17 airlines with 238 average daily departures to 88 destinations. The following is a list of the airlines with gates at the Nashville Airport:


Nashville is one of only six U.S. cities at the convergence of three major interstate highways – I-40, I-65, and I-24. The 440 Parkway downtown loop and Briley Parkway link the urbanized areas; Route 840 connects four counties in an outer loop. Approximately, 12 million people live within a 2.5-hour drive of the city.


The Music City Star Rail opened its East Corridor route in late 2005. With service Monday through Friday, three daily morning and afternoon trains connect Donelson, Hermitage, Mt. Juliet, and Lebanon to downtown Nashville. The East Corridor route covers 32 miles and service between stops peaks at 60 miles per hour.

Hospitality Industry
  • 100,000 leisure and hospitality jobs in the Nashville MSA.
  • Nashville hosted 16.1 million visitors in FY 2019-20. Up 6% over the previous FY.
  • Nashville has 35,787 hotel rooms in Davidson County and 53,189 rooms in the Nashville MSA.
  • Gaylord Opryland® Resort & Convention Center is the largest non-gaming hotel property in the United States with 2,888 rooms and more than 700,000 square feet of meeting space, including 263,772 of contiguous exhibit space.
  • The Music City Center, Nashville’s downtown convention facility, opened in May 2013. The 2.1 million-square-foot Music City Center features more than 375,000 square feet of exhibit space, 128,000 square feet of meeting space, two ballrooms, a business center, and a 2,500-seat theater.
Average Weather/Climate

Nashville typically enjoys a mild and pleasant climate with only a few days of the year having either very hot or very cold conditions. Most of the city’s rain is confined to the spring months, but a shower throughout the year is not unusual.

Spring is a delightful time in Middle Tennessee as the rolling hills are a lush, vibrant green. Because of the mild climate found here, many plants are well suited for the area including tulips, azaleas, irises, magnolias, and dogwoods. Days are warm while evenings can be chilly.

Summer is ablaze with many concert festivals in Music City. Several nights during the week have live outdoor concerts scattered around town. Midday can be very warm as the humidity tends to be higher in the summer months. Light clothing and sunscreen is recommended for the full season.

Fall is a celebrated time throughout Tennessee. Visitors come from all over to see the annual changing of the leaves in mid-October. Days are warm and pleasant. Evenings require a sweater or light jacket. Since the weather is changeable, layered clothing is a good idea to accommodate sunny days and cooler nights.

Winter is a great time to visit the city’s many attractions decked out in their holiday finery as Nashville truly shines throughout the winter with millions of twinkling lights. Although the climate is mild, winter temperatures do range from cool to cold. If a snowfall occurs, it is usually in January or February and is seldom heavy.

Temperature & Precipitation
Avg: Daily High Daily Low Precipitation
Jan 47 F/8 C 29 F/-2 C 3.7 in/9.4 cm
Feb 52 F/11 C 32 F/0 C 3.9 in/9.9 cm
Mar 61 F/16 C 39 F/4 C 4.2 in/10.7 cm
Apr 71 F/22 C 48 F/9 C 4.3 in/10.9 cm
May 79 F/26 C 57 F/14 C 5.2 in/13.2 cm
Jun 87 F/31 C 66 F/19 C 4.1 in/10.4 cm
Jul 90 F/32 C 70 F/21 C 3.9 in/9.9 cm
Aug 89 F/32 C 69 F/21 C 3.1 in/7.9 cm
Sep 83 F/28 C 61 F/16 C 3.4 in/8.6 cm
Oct 72 F/22 C 49 F/9 C 3.1 in/7.9 cm
Nov 61 F/16 C 40 F/4 C 4.2 in/10.7 cm
Dec 51 F/11 C 32 F/0 C 4.3 in/10.9 cm