Music City Facts and Trivia
Nashville's history, diversity, ingenuity, and prominence as the Music City still surprises many, even those that call it home. Here are a few interesting facts about Nashville that you may not know.
These songs and albums were all recorded in Music City:
- Elvis Presley’s “Heartbreak Hotel” in 1956
- The Everly Brothers’ “Bye Bye Love” in 1957
- Brenda Lee’s “Rockin’ Around the Christmas Tree” in 1958
- Roy Orbison’s “Oh, Pretty Woman” in 1964
- Bob Dylan’s Blonde on Blonde in 1966
- Robert Knight’s “Everlasting Love” in 1967
- Joan Baez’s “The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down” in 1971
- Kansas’ “Dust in the Wind” in 1978
- R.E.M.’s Document in 1987
- Vanessa Williams’ “Save the Best for Last” in 1992
- Matchbox Twenty’s Mad Season in 2000
- India.Arie’s Acoustic Soul in 2001
- Jimmy Buffett’s License to Chill in 2004
- Neil Young’s Prairie Wind in 2005
- Bob Segar’s Face the Promise in 2006
- Jon Bon Jovi’s Lost Highway in 2007
- The White Stripes’ Icky Thump in 2007
- Kid Rock’s Rock N Roll Jesus in 2007
- Alison Krauss and Robert Plant’s Raising Sand in 2007
- The Raconteurs’ Consolers of the Lonely in 2008
- Kings of Leon’s Only by the Night in 2008
- Ben Folds’ Way to Normal in 2008
- Taylor Swift’s “Love Story” in 2008
- Sheryl Crow’s Detours in 2008
- Elvis Costello’s Secret, Profane & Sugarcane in 2009
- Jesse Winchester’s Love Filling Station in 2009
- The Black Keys’ El Camino in 2011
- Kelly Clarkson’s Stronger in 2011
- Jack White’s Blunderbuss in 2012
- Alabama Shakes’ Boys & Girls in 2012
- Taylor Swift’s Red in 2012
- RUSH’s Clockwork Angels in 2012
- Lionel Richie’s Tuskegee in 2012
- Pitbull ft. Kesha’s “Timber” in 2013
- Neil Young's A Letter Home in 2014
- Ed Sheeran's X in 2014
United Record, a vinyl pressing plant in downtown Nashville, is one of only four remaining vinyl manufacturers in the nation. Operating since 1949, United has pressed millions of records for artists like Elvis Presley, Lionel Richie, Britney Spears, Christina Aguilera, and N’Sync, as well as for numerous hip-hop and reggae musicians.
Located on Music Row, recording studio Warner/Chappell Production Music is internationally renowned for its musical talent in radio, television and advertising. They create custom scores for television shows like the “Today Show", ABC Sports, HGTV, Animal Planet, and more. Over 200 local TV stations and Networks worldwide use 615 Music.
Following one Sunday afternoon sermon, Capt. Tom Ryman, infamous for breaking up tent revivals, became an instant convert and immediately began raising funds to build a church. Upon his death in 1904, the Union Gospel Tabernacle, the church he built, became known as the Ryman Auditorium. The famous hall would later host such performers as Enrico Caruso, Katharine Hepburn and Bob Hope, and was home to the Grand Ole Opry for three decades. Not surprisingly, in both 2003 and 2004, the Ryman was named the best theatre in the nation by Pollstar. The Ryman features the best music of today by artists of all genres.
Joel Owsley Cheek was the inventor of Maxwell House Coffee, the blend that became so popular it made Nashville the center of the nation’s coffee business in the early 20th century. In 1892, he developed a recipe for a blend of premium beans and convinced the manager of the Maxwell House Hotel to try the coffee and then to serve it exclusively. The coffee was so well received by the hotel’s guests that the owner gave Cheek permission to use the Maxwell House name for the coffee. The phrase “good to the last drop” was coined by President Theodore Roosevelt after he sipped coffee at the hotel.
In February 1960, John Lewis, a student at Nashville’s American Baptist Theological Seminary, helped spark a successful sit-in movement at segregated lunch counters in Nashville. Today, black-and-white granite stools in Bicentennial Capitol Mall State Park mark the inspiring event, as does the Civil Rights Room in the Nashville Downtown Library.
Jefferson Street saw a jazz, blues and R&B music heyday during the 1940s through the 1960s. Greats like Jimi Hendrix, Little Richard, Ray Charles, B.B. King, Ike and Tina Turner, Etta James, and more played in numerous local clubs, such as the The New Era Club, The Del Morocco and The Club Baron.
During prohibition in the 1930s, many of the local printers established boot-legging in their basements located in downtown’s Printers Alley. When alcohol was legal once again, the bars simply remained there — and many are still operational today.
Oprah Winfrey was raised in Nashville by her father Vernon Winfrey. While a sophomore at Tennessee State University (TSU), she was hired as a news anchor at WTVF-TV/News Channel 5, making her the first female and first African American in Nashville to hold such a job.
At the 1960 Rome Olympics, Tennessee native Wilma Rudolph became “the fastest woman in the world” and the first American woman to win three gold medals in one Olympics. A star of the famed Tennessee State Tigerbelles, she won the 100-meter and 200-meter dashes and ran the anchor leg on the 400-meter relay.
The Jubilee Singers of Fisk University in Nashville introduced the world to the plaintive beauty and tradition of the Negro spiritual, which became the basis for other genres of African-American music. It was because of their successful international tours to raise funds for the university during the 1870s that Nashville first became known for its music.
Nashville was founded on Christmas Day 1779 on the banks of the Cumberland River. Two teams of pioneers led by James Robertson and Capt. John Donelson set forth from the Carolinas to found the new city. They soon discovered they were not the first European settlers. Timothy Demonbreun, a Frenchman from Quebec, had been living on the banks of the river since 1769. Upon arrival, the pioneers immediately began building Fort Nashborough. Among the pioneers was Rachel Donelson, daughter of Capt. Donelson, who would later become the wife of President Andrew Jackson.
Tennessee was the last state to secede from the Union during the Civil War and the first state to be readmitted after the war. East Tennesseans were strongly pro-Union, while West and Middle Tennesseans were primarily on the side of the Confederacy.
Built in 1851, the First Presbyterian Church Downtown is one of the few examples of Egyptian Revival architecture in the entire country and was designed by William Strickland, architect of the Tennessee State Capitol building. This church was one of many buildings used as a hospital during the Union occupation of the city during the Civil War. It was designated Hospital No. 8 and housed 206 beds.
Tennessee’s capitol building is one of the oldest operating capitols in America. The distinctive tower of the building is designed after the monument of Lysicrates in Athens, Greece. The architect William Strickland considered the capitol his crowning achievement and chose to be entombed above the cornerstone. Additionally, James K. Polk and his wife are buried on the grounds of the capitol.
• Three U.S. Presidents and one Vice President were originally from Tennessee:
• Andrew Jackson (1829-1837)
• James K. Polk (1845-1849)
• Andrew Johnson (1865-1869, the first president to be impeached)
• Al Gore (VP, 1993-2001)
Standard Candy Company, founded in 1901, created GooGoo, a true Nashville delight marrying peanuts, caramel, marshmallow, and milk chocolate together for a tasty cluster of candy now considered the nation’s oldest combination candy bar. Standard Candy Company uses more than three million pounds of chocolate a year.
Thomas Hart Benton’s mural “The Sources of Country Music” hangs as a priceless treasure in the Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum. The mural, completed in 1975 when Benton was 85 years old, is meant to depict the rich, varied sources of country music. The painting includes imagery – a train, a country church and a riverboat – that evokes many of country music’s traditional themes. Tragically, Benton suffered a massive heart attack while looking over the mural, right before signing his name. Hence, his approval never appeared on the art.
The Hermitage, Home of President Andrew Jackson, boasts a driveway in the shape of a guitar. Legend says that the driveway was so shaped to please his daughter-in-law Emily. Nashvillians like to think it was a sign of good things to come.
Capt. William Driver gave the American flag its most famous nickname, “Old Glory.” When he retired to Nashville after a life on the sea in 1837, it was his flag that was raised over the State Capitol when Federal troops captured the city in 1862. Driver is buried in the historic Old City Cemetery.
Belle Meade Plantation was famous for breeding thoroughbred horses. On June 1, 1881, Iroquois – bred and later purchased by Belle Meade – had the honor of being the first American horse to win the English Derby. Nashville still honors this famous horse by hosting the annual Iroquois Steeplechase the second Saturday of May. Thoroughbreds War Admiral and Seabiscuit, as well as Kentucky Derby winners Funny Cide, Barbarro and the legendary Secretariat also trace their lineage to Belle Meade.
Adelicia Acklen, mistress of Belmont Mansion, was one of the richest women in the nation. During the Civil War, Acklen faced financial ruin when the Confederate army threatened to burn her cotton to keep it from falling into Union possession. Duping both armies, Adelicia traveled to Louisiana and single-handedly negotiated the sale of her cotton to Rothschilds of London for a reported $960,000 in gold.
Suffragist and civic leader Anne Dallas Dudley was a leader in the movement to ratify the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution giving American women the right to vote. A socially prominent wife and mother in Nashville, Anne Dudley organized the Nashville Equal Suffrage League in 1911 and became president of the Tennessee League and a vice president of the national organization. She and her organization spearheaded the successful campaign to make Tennessee the “perfect 36,” the state to cast the deciding vote for the ratification of the 19th Amendment in 1920.
The Parthenon in Centennial Park is the world’s only exact replica of the ancient Greek temple. Originally built for Tennessee’s Centennial Exposition in 1897, the temporary structure was reconstructed permanently in 1931. Inside the temple stands the gilded goddess of wisdom, Athena. At 42-feet tall, Athena Parthenos is the western hemisphere’s largest indoor statue.
The Frist Center for the Visual Arts is located in what was formerly Nashville’s main post office, a city landmark placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984. The Center went to great lengths to preserve the historical integrity of the 1934 Art Deco building, a work of art in itself.
In 1925, National Life & Accident Insurance Company founded the radio program known today as the Grand Ole Opry. The program’s original name was WSM Barn Dance, and the station’s call letters were an acronym for the company’s slogan, “We Shield Millions!” The famous name change took place two years later when announcer George Hay was preparing for a Saturday night program, which followed a broadcast of classical music from New York. In his opening remarks, Hay quipped, “For the last hour, we have been listening to music taken largely from grand opera and the classics. We now present our own Grand Ole Opry,” and the name stuck.
Elvis Presley recorded more than 250 of his songs at RCA’s Historic Studio B on Music Row. The red, blue and green lights found in the studio today are remnants from one of Elvis’ Christmas albums. Unable to get into the holiday spirit while recording in July, he was having trouble finishing the album. The crew solved the problem by installing holiday-colored lights, putting up an artificial Christmas tree in the corner and cranking the air conditioner up as high as it would go to create a festive atmosphere.
The amount on the price tag on Minnie Pearl’s hat was $1.98. The Centerville native and Grand Ole Opry star would later on buy a grand home next door to the Governor’s Mansion on Curtiswood Lane in Nashville.
Legendary Nashville musician Chet Atkins was nicknamed “Mr. Guitar.” A bronze sculpture of the recording pioneer stands at Fifth Avenue North and Union Street downtown.
African-American artist and native Nashvillian William Edmonson was the first black artist to be honored with a one-man exhibit at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. Cheekwood Botanical Garden & Museum of Art houses a permanent Edmondson exhibit.
In 1941, Nashville was granted the first FM-broadcasting license in the United States and Music City became the first to enjoy static-free radio.
Nashville is known worldwide as “Music City” because WSM radio announcer David Cobb referred to Nashville with that nickname in 1950 on Red Foley’s NBC radio broadcast.
The Hermitage Hotel, which has hosted several political and entertainment figures including John F. Kennedy, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Bette Davis, and Al Capone since it opened its doors in 1910, is the only Five-Star, Five Diamond property in the state of Tennessee.
The Union Station Hotel, a National Historic Landmark since 1977, was originally built in 1900 as the city’s railroad station.
Gaylord Opryland Resort & Convention Center contains nine acres of indoor gardens complete with a 44-foot cascading waterfall. It is the largest non-gaming property in the U.S.
Nashville is home to country and non-country artists including: Jack White, Dan Auerbach and Patrick Carney of The Black Keys, Keith Urban, Nicole Kidman, Ben Folds, Kings of Leon, Taylor Swift, Kesha, Martina McBride, Paramore, Alison Krauss, Michael McDonald, Matt Wertz, Joy Williams of the Civil Wars, Sheryl Crow, Young Buck, Michael W. Smith, and many others.
Nashville hosted the GRAMMY Nominations Concert in 2012, making it the only time this event has taken place outside of LA.
According to a study by Urbanist Richard Florida, Nashville has the highest concentration of people working in the music industry per capita than anywhere else in the world. Florida states "Nashville's growth as a music center has been explosive; since 1970 it accounts for almost all the growth in the music sector in the United States."
Roy Orbison wrote the iconic hit "Pretty Woman" from atop his Eighth Avenue and Wedgewood apartment after he looked out his window and saw a pretty woman walking by.
Nashville has more than 120 live music venues throughout the city. Venues that play music four or more nights a week will have a guitar pick-shaped "Live Music Venue" sign.
Rocker Jack White moved his record label, Third Man Records, from Detroit to Nashville in 2009 where it opened its first physical location on Seventh Avenue. The label releases albums and singles primarily on vinyl record. The location serves as a record store, label offices and live venue called The Blue Room. The Blue Room is the only venue in the world to record live shows direct-to-acetate, producing a vinyl master in real time.
One of Nashville's best known culinary contributions, hot chicken, was an accidental creation by a woman seeking revenge. Prince's Hot Chicken, the first and perhaps most well-known hot chicken restaurant, began when Thornton Prince's girlfriend suspected him of cheating on her so she put extra pepper in his fried chicken. Thornton liked it so much that he opened the BBQ Chicken Shack in the mid-1930s which would later become Prince's Hot Chicken.
Nashville is home to the largest Kurdish community in North America. The largest wave of Kurdish resettlement came in the early 90s but continues today. A recent estimate has numbered the Kurdish population to be around 11,000.
Nashville hosts the largest songwriter’s festival in the world, Tin Pan South Songwriters Festival, every April. Around 350 songwriters perform their original songs at venues around town during the week-long festival that draws people in from around the world to hear the stories behind the songs and heroes behind the hits.